Strongly Coupled Dark Energy with Warm dark matter vs. LCDM [CEA]

Cosmologies including strongly Coupled (SC) Dark Energy (DE) and Warm dark matter (SCDEW) are based on a conformally invariant (CI) attractor solution modifying the early radiative expansion. Then, aside of radiation, a kinetic field $\Phi$ and a DM component account for a stationary fraction, $\sim 1\, \%$, of the total energy. SCDEW models alleviate conceptual problem of LCDM, while recovering its results, and even easing some LCDM problems, below the average galaxy scale. The CI expansion begins at the inflation end, when $\Phi$ (future DE) possibly plays a role in reheating, and ends at the Higgs’ scale. Afterwards, a number of viable options is open, allowing for the transition from the CI expansion to the present Universe. In this paper: (i) We show how the attractor is recovered when the spin degrees of freedom decreases. (ii) We perform a detailed comparison of CMB anisotropy and polarization spectra for SCDEW and LCDM, including tensor components, finding negligible discrepancies. (iii) Linear spectra exhibit a greater parameter dependence at large $k$’s, but are still consistent with data for suitable parameter choices. (iv) We also compare previous simulation results with fresh data on galaxy concentration. Finally, (v) we outline numerical difficulties at high $k$. This motivates a second related paper, where such problems are treated in a quantitative way.

Read this paper on arXiv…

S. Bonometto, M. Mezzetti and R. Mainini
Thu, 16 Mar 17

Comments: 23 pages, 10 figures