Rapid Formation of Massive Black Holes in close proximity to Embryonic Proto-Galaxies [GA]


The Direct Collapse Black Hole (DCBH) scenario provides a solution for forming the massive black holes powering bright quasars observed in the early Universe. A prerequisite for forming a DCBH is that the formation of (much less massive) Population III stars be avoided – this can be achieved by destroying H$_2$ via Lyman-Werner (LW) radiation (E$_{\rm{LW}}$ = 12.6 eV). We find that two conditions must be met in the proto-galaxy that will host the DCBH. First, prior star formation must be delayed; this can be achieved with a background LW flux of J$_{\rm BG} \gtrsim 100\ J_{21}$. Second, an intense burst of LW radiation from a neighbouring star-bursting proto-galaxy is required, just before the gas cloud undergoes gravitational collapse, to finally suppress star formation completely. We show here for the first time using high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations, including full radiative transfer, that this low-level background, combined with tight synchronisation and irradiation of a secondary proto-galaxy by a primary proto-galaxy, inevitably moves the secondary proto-galaxy onto the isothermal atomic cooling track, without the deleterious effects of either photo-evaporating the gas or polluting it by heavy elements. These, atomically cooled, massive proto-galaxies are expected to ultimately form a DCBH of mass $10^4 – 10^5 M_{\odot}$.

Read this paper on arXiv…

J. Regan, E. Visbal, J. Wise, et. al.
Tue, 14 Mar 17

Comments: Published in Nature Astronomy, March 13th 2017