Multi-wavelength Spectral Analysis of Ellerman Bombs Observed by FISS and IRIS [SSA]

Ellerman bombs (EBs) are a kind of solar activities that is suggested to occur in the lower atmosphere. Recent observations using the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) show connections of EBs and IRIS bombs (IBs), implying that EBs might be heated to a much higher temperature ($8\times10^{4}$ K) than previous results. Here we perform a spectral analysis of the EBs simultaneously observed by the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph (FISS) and IRIS. The observational results show clear evidence of heating in the lower atmosphere, indicated by the wing enhancement in H$\alpha$, Ca II 8542 \r{A} and Mg II triplet lines, and also by brightenings in the images of 1700 \r{A} and 2832 \r{A} ultraviolet continuum channels. Additionally, the Mg II triplet line intensity is correlated with that of H$\alpha$ when the EB occurs, indicating the possibility to use the triplet as an alternative way to identify EBs. However, we do not find any signal in IRIS hotter lines (C II and Si IV). For further analysis, we employ a two-cloud model to fit the two chromospheric lines (H$\alpha$ and Ca II 8542 \r{A}) simultaneously, and obtain a temperature enhancement of 2300 K for a strong EB. This temperature is among the highest of previous modeling results while still insufficient to produce IB signatures at ultraviolet wavelengths.

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J. Hong, M. Ding and W. Cao
Tue, 14 Mar 17

Comments: 19 pages, 8 figures, accepted by ApJ