Pulsed emission from a rotating off-centred dipole in vacuum [HEAP]


The topology of the electromagnetic field around neutron stars severely impacts pulsar physics. While most of the works assume a standard centred dipolar electromagnetic field model, recently some efforts have been made to explain how inclusion of higher multipolar components could drastically change our understanding of these objects. Also, for simplicity, it has always been assumed that the magnetic moment coincides with the geometrical centre of the star. However, lately, a more general picture has been put forward in which the magnetic dipole moment is shifted off from the centre of the star. It has been demonstrated that the rotating off-centred dipole can be expanded into multipolar components. We study the effects of an off-centred rotating dipole on various characteristic emission features of pulsars in vacuum. The reliability of the off-centred case and its consequences on the magnetic field line structure, shape of the polar caps, high energy and radio emission phase plots and corresponding light curves along with a comparison with the standard centred case. It has been seen that an off-centred dipole breaks the north-south symmetry and allows for more flexibility in radio and high-energy light-curves fitting and phase lag.

Read this paper on arXiv…

A. Kundu and J. Petri
Mon, 13 Mar 17

Comments: Submitted to MNRAS