L483: Warm Carbon-Chain Chemistry Source Harboring Hot Corino Activity [SSA]


The Class 0 protostar, L483, has been observed in various molecular lines in the 1.2 mm band at a sub-arcsecond resolution with ALMA. An infalling-rotating envelope is traced by the CS line, while a very compact component with a broad velocity width is observed for the CS, SO, HNCO, NH$_2$CHO, and HCOOCH$_3$ lines. Although this source is regarded as the warm carbon-chain chemistry (WCCC) candidate source at a 1000 au scale, complex organic molecules characteristic of hot corinos such as NH$_2$CHO and HCOOCH$_3$ are detected in the vicinity of the protostar. Thus, both hot corino chemistry and WCCC are seen in L483. Although such a mixed chemical character source has been recognized as an intermediate source in previous single-dish observations, we here report the first spatially-resolved detection. A kinematic structure of the infalling-rotating envelope is roughly explained by a simple ballistic model with the protostellar mass of 0.1–0.2 $M_\odot$ and the radius of the centrifugal barrier (a half of the centrifugal radius) of 30–200 au, assuming the inclination angle of 80\degr\ (0\degr\ for a face-on). The broad line emission observed in the above molecules most likely comes from the disk component inside the centrifugal barrier. Thus, a drastic chemical change is seen around the centrifugal barrier.

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Y. Oya, N. Sakai, Y. Watanabe, et. al.
Mon, 13 Mar 17

Comments: accepted to ApJ