Imaging a Central Ionized Component, a Narrow Ring, and the CO Snowline in the Multi-Gapped Disk of HD 169142 [SSA]

We report Very Large Array observations at 7 mm, 9 mm, and 3 cm toward the pre-transitional disk of the Herbig Ae star HD 169142. These observations have allowed us to study the mm emission of this disk with the highest angular resolution so far ($0\rlap.”12\times0\rlap.”09$, or 14 au$\times$11 au, at 7 mm). Our 7 and 9 mm images show a narrow ring of emission at a radius of $\sim25$ au tracing the outer edge of the inner gap. This ring presents an asymmetric morphology that could be produced by dynamical interactions between the disk and forming planets. Additionally, the azimuthally averaged radial intensity profiles of the 7 and 9 mm images confirm the presence of the previously reported gap at $\sim45$ au, and reveal a new gap at $\sim85$ au. We analyzed archival DCO$^+$(3-2) and C$^{18}$O(2-1) ALMA observations, showing that the CO snowline is located very close to this third outer gap. This suggests that growth and accumulation of large dust grains close to the CO snowline could be the mechanism responsible for this proposed outer gap. Finally, a compact source of emission is detected at 7 mm, 9 mm, and 3 cm toward the center of the disk. Its flux density and spectral index indicate that it is dominated by free-free emission from ionized gas, which could be associated with either the photoionization of the inner disk, an independent object, or an ionized jet.

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E. Macias, G. Anglada, M. Osorio, et. al.
Thu, 9 Mar 17

Comments: 12 pages, 6 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ