We present a detailed spectral analysis of the brightest Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) identified in the 7Ms Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S) survey over a time span of 16 years. Using a model of an intrinsically absorbed power-law plus reflection, with a possible soft excess and narrow Fe K\alpha line, we perform a systematic X-ray spectral analysis, both on the total 7Ms exposure and in four different periods with lengths of 2-21 months. With this approach, we not only present the power-law slopes, column densities N_H, observed fluxes, and intrinsic (absorption-corrected) rest-frame 2-10 keV luminosities L_X for our sample of AGNs, but also identify significant spectral variabilities among them on time scales of a few years. Using the sources showing N_H variability, we find an inverse trend between N_H variation and L_X variation. We also show a good correlation between the narrow Fe K\alpha line EW and N_H, which can be well explained by the continuum suppression with increasing N_H alone. Accounting for the sample incompleteness and bias, we measure the intrinsic distribution of N_H for the CDF-S AGN population and present re-selected subsamples which are complete with respect to N_H. The N_H-complete subsamples enable us to decouple the dependences of N_H on L_X and on redshift. Combining our data with that from C-COSMOS, we confirm that the average N_H of AGN is anti-correlated with L_X over a wide range (42<logL_X<45), and increases with redshift up to z~4. The obscured fraction of AGN can be described as f_obscured~0.43(1+z)^0.59.
T. Liu, P. Tozzi, J. Wang, et. al.
Fri, 3 Mar 17
Comments: 35 figures, submitted to ApJS