Cooling of neutron stars in soft X-ray transients [HEAP]

Thermal states of neutron stars in soft X-ray transients (SXRTs) are thought to be determined by “deep crustal heating” in the accreted matter that drives the quiescent luminosity and cooling via emission of photons and neutrinos from the interior. In this study, we assume a global thermal steady-state of the transient system and calculate the heating curves (quiescent surface luminosity as a function of mean accretion rate) predicted from theoretical models, taking into account variations in the equations of state, superfluidity gaps, thickness of the light element layer and a phenomenological description of the direct Urca threshold. We further provide a statistical analysis on the uncertainties in these parameters, and compare the overall results with observations of several SXRTs, in particular the two sources containing the coldest (SAX J1808.4-3658) and the hottest (Aql X-1) neutron stars. Interpretation of the observational data indicates that very likely direct Urca process along with small superfluid gaps is required at least for the most massive stars.

Read this paper on arXiv…

S. Han and A. Steiner
Wed, 1 Mar 17

Comments: 15 pages, 10 figures