Hydrodynamical and radio evolution of young supernova remnant G1.9+0.3 based on the model of diffusive shock acceleration [HEAP]


The radio evolution of, so far the youngest known, Galactic supernova remnant (SNR) G1.9+0.3 is investigated by using three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic modeling and non-linear kinetic theory of cosmic ray (CR) acceleration in SNRs. We include consistent numerical treatment of magnetic field amplification (MFA) due to resonant streaming instability. Under the assumption that SNR G1.9+0.3 is the result of a type Ia supernova explosion located near the Galactic centre, using widely accepted values for explosion energy 10$^{51}$ erg and ejecta mass 1.4 $M_{\odot}$, the non-thermal continuum radio emission is calculated. The main purpose of the paper is to explain radio flux brightening measured over recent decades and also predict its future temporal evolution. We estimate that the SNR is now $\sim$ 120 years old, expanding in ambient density of 0.02 cm$^{-3}$ and explain its steep radio spectral index only by means of efficient non-linear diffusive shock acceleration (NLDSA). We also make comparison between simulations and observations of this young SNR, in order to test the models and assumptions suggested. Our model prediction of a radio flux density increase of $\sim$ 1.8 per cent yr$^{-1}$ during last two decades agrees well with measured values. We synthesize synchrotron spectrum from radio to X-ray and it fits well VLA, MOST, Chandra and NuSTAR measurements. We also propose simplified evolutionary model of the SNR in gamma-rays and suggest it may be a promising target for gamma-ray observations at TeV energies with the future generation of instruments like CTA. SNR G1.9+0.3 is the only known Galactic SNR with the increasing flux density and we present here the prediction that flux density will start to decrease approximately 500 years from now. We conclude this is a general property of SNRs in free expansion phase.

Read this paper on arXiv…

M. Pavlovic
Mon, 27 Feb 17

Comments: 16 pages, 11 figures, 1 table; Accepted for publication in MNRAS main journal