Mid-infrared characterization of the planetary-mass companion ROXs 42B b [SSA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1702.06549


We present new Keck/NIRC2 3$-$5 $\mu$m infrared photometry of the planetary-mass companion to ROXS 42B in $L^\prime$, and for the first time in Brackett-$\alpha$ (Br$\alpha$) and in $M_\mathrm{s}$-band. We combine our data with existing near-infrared photometry and $K$-band (2$-$2.4 $\mu$m) spectroscopy and compare these with models and other directly imaged planetary-mass objects using forward modeling and retrieval methods in order to characterize the atmosphere of ROXS 42B b. ROXS 42B b’s 1.25$-$5 $\mu$m spectral energy distribution most closely resembles that of GSC 06214 B and $\kappa$ And b, although it has a slightly bluer $K_{\rm s}$$-$$M_{\rm s}$ color than GSC 06214 B and thus so far lacks evidence for a circumplanetary disk. We cannot formally exclude the possibility that any of the tested dust-free/dusty/cloudy forward models describe atmosphere of ROXS 42B b well. However, models with substantial atmospheric dust/clouds yield temperatures and gravities that are consistent when fit to photometry and spectra separately, whereas dust-free model fits to photometry predict temperatures/gravities inconsistent with ROXS 42B b’s $K$-band spectrum and vice-versa. Atmospheric retrieval on the 1$-$5 $\mu$m photometry places a limit on the fractional number density of CO$_2$ of $\log(n_{\rm CO_2})<-2.7$ but provides no other constraints so far. We conclude that ROXS 42B b has mid-IR photometric features that are systematically different from other previously observed planetary-mass and field objects of similar temperature. It remains unclear whether this is in the range of the natural diversity of targets at the very young ($\sim$2 Myr) age of ROXS 42B b, or unique to its early evolution and environment.

Read this paper on arXiv…

S. Daemgen, K. Todorov, J. Silva, et. al.
Thu, 23 Feb 17
40/48

Comments: 11 pages, 8 figures. Accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysics

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