IN-SYNC. V. Stellar kinematics and dynamics in the Orion A Molecular Cloud [GA]

The kinematics and dynamics of young stellar populations tests theories of their formation. With this aim, we continue our analysis of the SDSS-III/APOGEE INfrared Spectra of Young Nebulous Clusters (IN-SYNC) survey, a high resolution near infrared spectroscopic survey of young clusters. We focus on the Orion A star-forming region, for which IN-SYNC obtained spectra of ~2700 stars. In Paper IV we used these data to study the young stellar population, through measurement of stellar parameters to study age spread and assign new memberships. Here we study the kinematic properties through radial velocities ($v_r$). The young stellar population remains kinematically associated with the molecular gas, following a ~10km/s $v_r$ gradient along the 40pc long filament. However, near the center of the region stars appear ~1km/s blue-shifted with respect to the gas and show an asymmetric $v_r$ distribution. This region is slightly older and less embedded than average, suggesting that the remaining gas is mostly behind the population along the line of sight. We find evidence for kinematic subclustering, detecting statistically significant groupings of co-located stars with coherent motions. These are mostly in the lower-density, dispersed filament south of the ONC, which, on the other hand, appears dynamically evolved. The 1-D velocity dispersion is roughly constant throughout the region (2-2.5km/s). The ONC has a virial parameter $\alpha$~1.8, i.e., near the limit for the cluster to remain bound. In the ONC we also find some evidence for on-going expansion, from a correlation between $v_r$ and extinction. In the lower-density region south of the ONC, the velocity dispersion is ~3 times larger than expected from virial equilibrium, i.e., unbound. The origin of these high stellar velocities remains somewhat unclear, especially since the velocity dispersion of the gas is consistent a virial state.

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N. Rio, J. Tan, K. Covey, et. al.
Wed, 15 Feb 17

Comments: 13 pages, 12 figures, submitted to ApJ. The animation in Figure 2 can be found here: this https URL