The blazar sequence 2.0 [HEAP]

I discuss the spectral energy distribution (SED) of all blazars with redshift detected by the {\it Fermi} satellite and listed in the 3LAC catalog. I will update the so called “blazar sequence” from the phenomenological point of view, with no theory or modelling. I will show that: i) pure data show that jet and accretion power are related; ii) the updated blazar sequence maintains the properties of the old version, albeit with a less pronounced dominance of the $\gamma$–ray emission; iii) at low bolometric luminosities, two different type of objects have the same high energy power: low black hole mass flat spectrum radio quasars and high mass BL Lacs. Therefore, at low luminosities, there is a very large dispersion of SED shapes; iv) in low power BL Lacs, the contribution of the host galaxy is important. Remarkably, the luminosity distribution of the host galaxies of BL Lacs are spread in a very narrow range; v) a simple sum of two smoothly joining power laws can describe the blazar SEDs very well.

Read this paper on arXiv…

G. Ghisellini
Wed, 28 Sep 16

Comments: Invited paper for the meeting: Blazars through sharp multi-wavelength eyes. Editors: Jose L. Gomez, Alan P. Marscher and Svetlana G. Jorstad. To appear in Galaxies. 10 pages, 7 figures