Segregation effects in DEEP2 galaxy groups [GA]

We investigate segregation phenomena in galaxy groups in the range of $0.2<z<1$. We study a sample of groups selected from the 4th Data Release of the DEEP2 galaxy redshift survey. We used only groups with at least 8 members within a radius of 4$\;$Mpc. Outliers were removed with the shifting gapper techinque and, then, the virial properties were estimated for each group. The sample was divided into two stacked systems: low($z\leq0.6$) and high($z>0.6$) redshift groups. Assuming that the color index ${(U-B)_0}$ can be used as a proxy for the galaxy type, we found that the fraction of blue (star-forming) objects is higher in the high-z sample, with blue objects being dominant at $M_{B}>-19.5$ for both samples, and red objects being dominant at $M_{B}<-19.5$ only for the low-z sample. Also, the radial variation of the red fraction indicates that there are more red objects with $R<R_{200}$ in the low-z sample than in the high-z sample. Our analysis indicates statistical evidence of kinematic segregation, at the 99%c.l., for the low-z sample: redder and brighter galaxies present lower velocity dispersions than bluer and fainter ones. We also find a weaker evidence for spatial segregation between red and blue objects, at the 70%c.l. The analysis of the high-z sample reveals a different result: red and blue galaxies have velocity dispersion distributions not statistically distinct, although redder objects are more concentrated than the bluer ones at the 95%c.l. From the comparison of blue/red and bright/faint fractions, and considering the approximate lookback timescale between the two samples ($\sim$3 Gyr), our results are consistent with a scenario where bright red galaxies had time to reach energy equipartition, while faint blue/red galaxies in the outskirts infall to the inner parts of the groups, thus reducing spatial segregation from $z\sim0.8$ to $z\sim0.4$.

Read this paper on arXiv…

R. Nascimento, A. Ribeiro and P. Lopes
Thu, 15 Sep 16

Comments: 13 pages, 12 figures, Accepted for publications in MNRAS