Study of baryon acoustic oscillations with SDSS DR12 data and measurements of $Ω_k$ and $Ω_\textrm{DE}(a)$. Part II [CEA]

We define Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) observables $\hat{d}_\alpha(z, z_c)$, $\hat{d}_z(z, z_c)$, and $\hat{d}_/(z, z_c)$ that do not depend on any cosmological parameter. From each of these observables we recover the BAO correlation length $d_\textrm{BAO}$ with its respective dependence on cosmological parameters. These BAO observables are measured as a function of redshift $z$ with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data release DR12. From the BAO measurements alone, or together with the correlation angle $\theta_\textrm{MC}$ of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB), we constrain the curvature parameter $\Omega_k$ and the dark energy density $\Omega_\textrm{DE}(a)$ as a function of the expansion parameter $a$ in several scenarios. These observables are further constrained with external measurements of $h$ and $\Omega_\textrm{b} h^2$. We find some tension between the data and a cosmology with flat space and constant dark energy density $\Omega_\textrm{DE}(a)$.

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B. Hoeneisen
Wed, 31 Aug 16

Comments: 7 pages, 4 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1607.02424