Exploiting 21cm – Ly$α$ emitter synergies: constraints on reionization [CEA]


We couple a $z \simeq 6.6$ hydrodynamical simulation (GADGET-2) with a radiative transfer code (pCRASH) and a dust model to simultaneously obtain the 21cm emission from the spin-flip transition of neutral hydrogen (HI) as well as the sub-population of galaxies visible as Lyman Alpha Emitters (LAEs). Cross-correlating 21cm data with the underlying galaxy population, and especially the subset visible as LAEs, our aim is to constrain both the average intergalactic medium (IGM) ionization state ($\langle \chi_{HI} \rangle$) and the reionization topology (outside-in versus inside-out). We find that LAEs occupy the densest and most-ionized regions resulting in a very strong anti-correlation between the LAEs and the 21cm emission. Within errors, a 1000h SKA-LOW1 – Subaru Hyper Suprime Cam experiment can provide exquisite constraints on $\langle \chi_{HI} \rangle$, allowing us to distinguish between IGM ionization levels of 50%, 25%, 10% and fully ionized at scales $\leq 10$ comoving Mpc. Our results support the inside-out reionization scenario where the densest knots (under-dense voids) are ionized first (last) for $\langle \chi_{HI} \rangle \geq 0.1$. Further, 1000~h SKA-LOW1 observations should be able to confirm the inside-out scenario by detecting a lower 21cm brightness temperature (by about 2-10 mK) in the densest regions ($\geq 2$ arcminute scales) hosting LAEs compared to lower-density regions devoid of them, in addition to being able to differentiate between an IGM that was 50% ionized to one ionized at the 10% level.

Read this paper on arXiv…

A. Hutter, P. Dayal, V. Muller, et. al.
Mon, 9 May 16

Comments: 15 pages, 9 figures, submitted to MNRAS, comments welcome