RXTE/HEXTE Analysis of the Crab Pulsar Glitch of July 2000 [HEAP]


Hard xray data from the RXTE observatory (HEXTE energy range 15 to 240 keV) have been analyzed to obtain a phase coherent timing solution for the Crab pulsar glitch of 15 July 2000. The results are: (1) step change in the rotation frequency $\nu_0$ of the Crab pulsar at the epoch of the glitch is $\Delta \nu_0 = (30 \pm 3) \times 10^{-9} \times \nu_0$, (2) step change in its time derivative is $\Delta \dot \nu_0 = (4.8 \pm 0.6) \times 10^{-3} \times \dot \nu_0$, and (3) the time scale of decay of the the step change is $\tau_d = 4.7 \pm 0.5$ days. The first two results are consistent with those obtained at radio frequencies by the Jodrell Bank observatory. The last result has not been quoted in the literature, but could be an underestimate due to lack of observations very close to the glitch epoch. By comparing with the monthly timing ephemeris published by the Jodrell group for the Crab pulsar, the time delay between the main peaks of the hard xray and radio pulse profiles is estimated to be $+411 \pm 167$ $\mu$sec. Although this number is not very significant, it is consistent with the number derived for the 2 to 16 keV energy range, using the PCA instrument of RXTE. The separation between the two peaks of the integrated pulse profile of the Crab pulsar, and the ratio of their intensities, both are statistically similar before and after the glitch. The dead time corrected integrated photon flux within the integrated pulse profile appears to decrease after the glitch, although this is not a statistically strong result. This work achieves what can be considered to be almost absolute timing analysis of the Crab pulsar hard xray data.

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M. Vivekanand
Tue, 14 Apr 15

Comments: Accepted for publication by ApJ on 28 Mar 2015