The Effective Cross-sections of a Lensing-galaxy: Singular Isothermal Sphere with External Shear [GA]

Numerical studies on the imaging and caustic properties of the singular isothermal sphere (SIS) under a wide range of external shear (from 0.0 to 2.0) are presented. Using a direct inverse-mapping formula for this lens system (Lee 2003), we investigate various lensing properties under both a low (i.e., {\gamma} < 1.0), and a high (i.e., {\gamma} > 1.0) shear case: image separations, total or individual magnifications, flux ratios of 2-images, maximum number of images, and lensing cross-sections. We systematically analyze the effective lensing cross-sections of double-lensing and quad-lensing systems based on the radio luminosity function obtained by Jodrell-VLA Astrometric Survey (JVAS) and Cosmic Lens ALL-Sky Survey (CLASS). We find that the limit of a survey selection bias (i.e., between a brighter- and a fainter-image) preferentially reduces the effective lensing cross-sections of 2-image lensing systems. By considering the effects of survey selection bias, we demonstrate that the long standing anomaly on the high Quads-to-Doubles ratios (i.e., JVAS & CLASS: 50% ~ 70%) can be explained by the moderate effective shear of 0.16 ~ 0.18, which is half of previous estimates. The derived inverse mapping formula could facilitate the SIS + shear lens model to be useful for galaxy-lensing simulations. *Key-words: Cosmology; Theory; Gravitational lens; Strong.

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D. Lee and S. Kim
Fri, 29 Aug 14

Comments: 24 pages, 10 figures, Press in MNRAS 2014